NOP Changes to Allowed and Prohibited Materials in Organic Livestock Production

NOP Changes to Allowed and Prohibited Materials in Organic Livestock Production

Some changes have been made to the Organic Standards including the materials allowed for use in organic livestock production. The following updates to the Organic Standards will be fully implemented on January 28, 2019, except that the amendments for the substances ivermectin, and glycerin will be implemented December 27, 2019.

Ivermectin will be prohibited in organic livestock production. Organic producers have two allowed options for emergency synthetic parasiticidal treatment: fenbendazole and moxidectin, with restrictions on these two materials. Their milk withhold periods are reduced to 2 days for cattle and to 36 days for other species. Also, these parasiticides don’t need to be administered by a vet.

Parasiticides on the National List are now allowed for fiber bearing animals when used a minimum of 36 days prior to harvesting fleece or wool to be sold, labeled, or represented as organic.

The maximum Methionine levels allowed in organic poultry feed are to be calculated over the lifespan of the poultry rather than as a constant percentage of the feed. Allowed levels for each group is as follows: laying chickens—2 pounds; broiler chickens – 2.5 pounds; turkeys and all other poultry—3 pounds.

Withholding periods for Lidocaine and Procaine used in livestock production are reduced from 90 days to 8 days for slaughter stock and from 7 days to 6 days for milk.

Chlorhexidine is now allowed for medical uses in addition to use in teat dip when alternative germicidal agents are not sufficient.

Xylazine is now allowed as a sedative/anesthetic for non-emergency uses but still has several restrictions.

The restriction on Excipients also includes APHIS-approved substances in addition to others already listed.

Glycerin will be re-classified as agricultural in organic processing, requiring organic forms to be used when commercially available. Although after preventive measures have been exhausted, synthetic glycerin may still be used for organic livestock practices as described in § 205.603.

New allowed livestock materials (added to 205.603):

  • Activated charcoal (from vegetative sources, nonsynthetic only)
  • Calcium borogluconate (for treatment of milk fever only)
  • Calcium propionate (for treatment of milk fever only)
  • Kaolin pectin (for use as an adsorbent, antidiarrheal, and gut protectant only)
  • Mineral Oil (already on 205.603 for topical use but now also allowed for relief of intestinal compaction; prohibited for use as a dust suppressant)
  • Injectable nutrients (previously only allowed as feed additives or electrolytes) now allowed as injectable supplements of trace minerals, vitamins, and electrolytes with excipients per 205.603(f), in accordance with FDA regulations and restricted to use by/on the order of a licensed veterinarian.
  • Propylene glycol (added only for treatment of ketosis in ruminants and prevention must be used first)
  • Acidified sodium chlorite (for use in teat dip treatment, added in two places .603(a) and .603(b)
  •  Zinc sulfate (for use in hoof and food treatments only)
  • Hypochlorous Acid to be allowed as chlorine material. Must be generated from electrolyzed water.